Staatsministerium des Innern, München, May 26, 1965, Bayerische Polizeischule Fürstenfeldbruck 472, Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv. This solution was even more advisable because ‘youths were drawn to everything to do with technology and admired the audacity and skill of the motorbike riders’. 22 See the following interview with someone who participated in the clashes: ‘Wenn man da mitten drinne is, denn fällt det ja nich uff, wenn da eener mehr mitmischt’, Blickpunkt, no 143, November 1965, p. 5-10, and here p. 8. In Hamburg, only plain clothes officers had been used, some of whom were dressed as young fans in order to be able to marshal the crowd if necessary. . 38 Agency Bulletin ‘Berliner Polizei fuer Verbot von Krawall-Veranstaltungen’, n.d., typescript, PhS 3.43.3. The events within the venue were also meticulously documented. Am Dienstag kehren die Rolling Stones auf die Berliner Waldbühne zurück. While different actors tried to add to the disreputable image of the Stones before the concert, presenting them without hesitation as the ‘hardest group in the world’, to set them apart from the ‘nice’ Beatles, the media then only accentuated the desired effect. 11 See the Report of the Schutzpolizei command S1, Berlin, 16 September 1965, p. 3, Polizeihistorische Sammlung Berlin 3.43.3. See the following interview with someone who participated in the clashes: ‘Wenn man da mitten drinne is, denn fällt det ja nich uff, wenn da eener mehr mitmischt’. Vol. Haus Christine. As the Rolling Stones’ tour also went to other cities in West Germany, debates about the public order issues linked to concerts did not only occur in Berlin. His book Jugend – Pop – Kultur. 14Immediately after the events at the Waldbühne, the Berlin chief of police called for a ban on beat music concerts, with the support of the city’s Mayor.38 Finally, this uncontrollable concert was also debated in the Berlin parliament.39 It was asked whether reports about the potential threat should not have been taken into account and whether it would not have been better to ban the concert from the outset.40 When a Christian Democratic Union (CDU) representative argued that an example should have been made, by punishing the youths who were arrested, a representative of the Liberals objected that the water cannon could not ‘distinguish the guilty from the innocent’. Jahrgang Sonderausgabe Literaturzeitung März 2009 Literaturzeitung - Sonderausgabe Steinhööfel: Andreas Steinh „Beschützer der Diebe“ Zum Autor: Andreas Steinhöfel von Fabian Irmer Andreas Steinhöfel wuchs in Biedenkopf auf und machte dort sein Abitur. See ‘Die “Rolling Stones” wohnen im Hilton’, Bild-Zeitung, 8 September 1965; Report on the execution and experience of the police measures relating to the Berlin visit of the ‘Rolling Stones’, Berlin, September 23, 1965, p. 3, PhS 3.43.3. which had organised the concert and so was the target of these criticisms, defended the event against newspaper commentaries trying to ‘lay the blame for what had happened on the Rolling Stones’. It was asked whether reports about the potential threat should not have been taken into account and whether it would not have been better to ban the concert from the outset. 17 ‘Welcher Spieler hat uns in der Hand ? Der näheste Polizeiinspektion Polizei Wasserschutzpolizeistation ~1510.51 km 07274 94670 Alte Schiffbrückenstr. The destruction of benches, barriers, and lighting systems increased in scale.23, 9The extent to which this destruction was deliberate remains up for debate. Thanks to pragmatic measures, the venue was eventually suitably equipped for rock concerts, with wire fencing that was impossible to climb and metal benches that could take the weight of many spectators.43 Drinks were now served only in paper cups that could not be used as projectiles.44, 16As the Rolling Stones’ tour also went to other cities in West Germany, debates about the public order issues linked to concerts did not only occur in Berlin. In their analysis of the concert, the organisers and the police alike participated in a transnational debate and reacted to rock-related events partly in line with new standards. 5 ‘Tick im Hirn’, Der Spiegel, no 37, 1965, p. 122. Motorbikes proved more effective than horses, which tended to be too sensitive to the noise of the drums and firecrackers. Jugendkultur, Rock’n’Roll und moral panics im Frankreich der sechziger Jahre.” In Popgeschichte. Dr. Hans Irmer, Arzt Tel 04102 52610 Fax 04102 52678 E-Mail kreisstelle.stormarn@kvsh.de AKTUELL 2: Zeithistorische Fallstudien 1958-1988, edited by Bodo Mrozek, Alexa Geisthöve, and Jürgen Danyel. Bravo’s tour included concerts in Münster, Essen, Munich, Berlin, and Hamburg. Konsum und Politik in der westdeutschen Jugendkultur der 60er Jahre (Göttingen: Wallstein, 2006) p. 241-246. 24 See ‘Wenn man da mitten drinne is […]’, op. ‘Welcher Spieler hat uns in der Hand ? Bielefeld: transcript, 2014, pp. Polizei Direktion 6 (Südost) Verkehrsunfalldienst Nipkowstraße 23, Berlin (Bezirk Treptow-Köpenick) ... Hotel & Restaurant Haus Irmer Kolkwitz. Larger groups were also ‘dispersed’ using fire hoses and a few youths were apprehended and placed in the space for prisoners. In Hamburg, only plain clothes officers had been used, some of whom were dressed as young fans in order to be able to marshal the crowd if necessary.45 Motorbikes proved more effective than horses, which tended to be too sensitive to the noise of the drums and firecrackers. Police Report on the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965, sheet 2. Zeitschrift für die Berliner Polizei, October 2, 1965, p. 75. The discourse of criminalisation came to an end and the rock concert became recognised as a cultural event. Read and write album reviews for Polizei Ist im Haus - Polizei on AllMusic Around 9.50pm, the spotlights that had been flooding the stage with bright white light were turned off. As in one of the execution methods used in Ancient China, this imbalance could even lead to ‘death by music’.37 Politicians used these arguments to call for a ban. See the Report of the Schutzpolizei command S1, Berlin, 16 September 1965, p. 3, Polizeihistorische. Shortly after this abrupt end, ‘to avoid further destruction, the evacuation of the Waldbühne’ began around 10.15pm ‘with the use of batons’. Hundreds of youths [tried to] storm the stage. For the first time, audio and visual recordings were used to provide solid evidence but also for purposes of police training. In order better to understand the events in Germany, the German police asked the French police for their files on the ‘Nuit de la Nation’. 15It is true that due to problems with their insurance, the Waldbühne remained in ruins for so long that it was not able to host another beat music concert during the following years. Eine Betrachtung von Wolfgang Fietkau’, Blickpunkt, no 143, November 1965, p. 3. An initial police intervention cleared the stage, although not without ‘the use of batons’, and, after a short pause, the group was able to resume playing. From the outset, preparations included a large police operation. Chastagner Claude, De la culture rock. Fluch der bösen Taten’, Time is on my Side. See the following chapter: Alexander Mitscherlich, ‘Die Idee des Friedens und die menschliche Agres. They also took up the topic of the fear of delinquency, dating back to the previous decade, in relation to rock 'n' roll and fuelled by demographic data suggesting societies were becoming ever younger. Recorded as occurring at 10pm, the ‘end of the event’ was disorderly, as the report states: On the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965 (report on the execution and experience), Berl. When the five young Brits stepped off the aircraft at Tegel airport on September 15, substantial measures had been taken to ensure security on the runway. Note on the ‘Rolling Stones’ concert on September 15, 1965 at the Waldbühne, September 8, 1965. Als Du näherkommst, mustert er Dich skeptisch. Transposing ‘American conditions’ in Germany sometimes exacerbated discussion, as evidenced by this report from the Federal German police in which the author remarked that means of ‘coercion’ such as ‘scatterguns’ had been used in the United States and concluded that ‘with the agreement of citizens concerned about public order, it might be wise sometimes to use more draconian means to restore public safety and order’. Bd. London: Routledge, 2014. Der hessische CDU-Bundestagsabgeordnete Hans-Jürgen Irmer will die CDU erneut als „Law and Order“-Partei etablieren und schlägt Maßnahmen vor, mit denen die Union verlorene Wähler zurückgewin Polizist_innen würden bespuckt und beleidigt und angegriffen, das habe er selbst schon erlebt. Ulrike Lehmann is on Facebook. Im Bundesprogramm "Demokratie leben! 36 See the following chapter: Alexander Mitscherlich, ‘Die Idee des Friedens und die menschliche Agressivität’, in Gesammelte Schriften V, Sozialpsychologie 3, edited by Klaus Menne and Helga Haase (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1983), p. 350. Testen Sie jetzt unser Web & App-Abo für nur 0,99€ im ersten Monat. .’ – was merely ‘a harmless ritual outlet’. Police riot squads ready for action,”, Anti-Rock: the Opposition to Rock 'n' Roll, The Rolling Stones’ tour was organised by the youth magazine, following the example of its French counterpart. Fights between Mods and Rockers broke out in seaside resorts in the south of England, while in Paris a mass concert announced as the ‘Nuit de la Nation’ (held on the city’s Place de la Nation) spiralled out of control.1 This article restricts its focus to discussing the Rolling Stones tour which, in autumn 1965, became a focal point for media, police and political debate in Germany.2 I discuss the reception of the concert more than the band and their music, which are already sufficiently well known, and, in so doing, I draw on police reports and press articles from the months immediately after the event. From 9.10pm onwards, the atmosphere started to ‘become heated’. ’) in the process establishing a new rock and pop culture. 32 See letter from Kindler und Schiermeyer publishers to the Police Prefect dated September 1, 1965, PhS 3.43.3. On the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965 (report on the execution and experience), Berlin, September 17, 1965, p. 6, PhS 3.43.3. The Transnational Debates of the 1960s. In Munich, a jazz expert was invited to speak to senior police officers to give them an introduction, with the aim of raising their awareness of different sounds, with the help of a ‘very good Jazz band’. 58 See: ‘Die Waldbühne im Wiederaufbau. See: ‘Die Waldbühne im Wiederaufbau. As a result, police reforms and new safety standards for concert halls and arenas were developed and internationally debated. In May 1966, in anticipation of the Beatles concert, Wiesbaden police organised a working meeting on the topic of ‘modern police behaviour towards young people’, in which there was discussion of the lessons to be learned from the events in Berlin. Finden Sie Polizei in der Nähe Ihres Zuhauses von Germersheim.